Tuesday, February 12, 2008

African-American Scientists: Earnest Everett Just

February is Black History Month. It is a time for us to remember the sacrifices made by African American forefathers in building America, and the contributions they have made, and continue to make, toward making our nation great. When we think of those contributions, too many of us focus on the famous stereotypes: singers, sports stars, social and equal-rights figures, great though they are, but too often forgotten are those who contributed in the other fields. It is in this vein that I feature on this blog, each February, historical and contemporary African American Scientists.

Earnest Everett Just was born in Charleston, South Carolina, in 1883. His mother was a teacher, and thus knew full well the importance of a good education and the challenges facing African Americans to get an excellent education at that time. At 13, he was sent north, to New Hampshire, to attend a college preparatory school, Kimball Academy. He finished in only three years (instead of four) and graduated class valedictorian. He went on to Dartmouth College, specializing in cell biology studies, earning degrees in biology and history. Again, he was class valedictorian, as well as magna cum laude. Next he went to Howard University, where he eventually became the head of the Department of Zoology, and stayed until his retirement, except for a brief period during which he earned his Ph.D. from the University of Chicago.

Dr. Just's greatest contribution to science resonates even to my own career, studying live-cell physiology. Just believed in the radical notion of studying cells as close as possible to their natural state, looking at the whole, living cell rather than breaking it up into its component parts. He became well known for his studies of marine mammal reproduction and fertilization events, as well as cell division, parthenogenesis, effects of UV radiation on chromosome number, and studying the role of the cell surface in its overall physiological state, much of which took place at the Marine Biology Lab at Woods Hole (one of several marine science centers set up over a hundred years ago). Like me, microscopy was his chosen mode of observation.

Increasingly frustrated with the racial prejudice in the United States, Just studied abroad starting in 1929, eventually studying in Italy, Germany, and France.

In 1940, Just was briefly a prisoner of war when Germany invaded France. The U.S. State Department negotiated his release, but he grew ill just before being captured, worsened during the imprisonment, and never fully recovered. He died of pancreatic cancer in October of 1941. He was survived by his wife and three children.

Here are some additional resources about the life and accomplishments of Earnest Everett Just:






Picture taken from HERE.


R. Lee Gordon said...

UniTee Design, Inc (UDI), an ethnic empowerment enterprise with offices in Detroit, Atlanta and New York plans to celebrate Black history every day, 365 days a year, as a way to promote the education of Black youth to their rich heritage and the many achievements of African-Americans.

The “Make Black History Every Day – 365” initiative will be featured daily on www.uniteedesign.com, where daily motivational quotes, photos and stories will be featured honoring Black history to educate and inspire children (and adults) every day of the year.

UDI Founder R. Lee Gordon funds, develops and delivers educational programs that motivate children to want to learn and succeed by leveraging their common interests in video games, music, sports, fashion, etc. Current programs include a self-defense and safety awareness workshop for grade school students, a summer camp that teaches creative arts and merchandising to inner-city youth, and a high school fashion career development program.

Gordon generates revenue for these and other programs by selling designer T-shirts that bear the red, black and green colors of African-American culture. Several of the stylish shirts also incorporate positive principles that Black culture represents: a “pride” in heritage and history; the “power to overcome negative circumstances and / or environments; and, a “purpose” he believes every child needs to inspire love of self, and to flourish to his or her fullest potential. Gordon also encourages youth (and adults) to serve one another and their communities as “Purpose Providers, advocates who further instill pride of Black culture.

“We need to uplift our young generation through knowledge of their culture and develop opportunities to better their academic and professional successes,” says Gordon. “Our clothing helps them, and all of us, to appreciate and be proud of our culture and history.”

Gordon has designed a new tee-shirt incorporating the “365” theme which he plans to promote at live events throughout the country.

In addition to developing a student outreach program with Eastern Michigan University that will forge partnerships between colleges and not-for-profit community agencies, UDI is establishing a national peer mentor initiative to match college students with high school students, and high school students with grade school students, and empower Black youth to strive for and achieve higher education goals that will result in improved academic and professional outcomes.

Anonymous said...

I truly believe that we have reached the point where technology has become one with our world, and I can say with 99% certainty that we have passed the point of no return in our relationship with technology.

I don't mean this in a bad way, of course! Ethical concerns aside... I just hope that as the price of memory decreases, the possibility of transferring our brains onto a digital medium becomes a true reality. It's a fantasy that I dream about all the time.

(Posted on Nintendo DS running [url=http://knol.google.com/k/anonymous/-/9v7ff0hnkzef/1]r4i dsi[/url] DS Qezv2)

Viagra Online said...

a great example to all brothers, and as part of this community, to me is a great honor refer in this post of this men, Earnest Everett Just made great contributions to sciense.

Invertir en oro said...

hello, i think that this post is the best that i have read because has useful information.

Anonymous said...

I would like to more know about it. asthma Read a useful article about tramadol tramadol

Anonymous said...

no stings dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/advice.php]romantic dating sites[/url] american dating websites online
dating and older and men [url=http://loveepicentre.com/]dating millionaire[/url] my lord dating
cross dating online for singles [url=http://loveepicentre.com]dating clothing clothing clothing shoes[/url] mama papa online dating love in

Anonymous said...

frenchy dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/testimonials.php]review of senior dating sites[/url] who is kisha dating
love dating sim game 2 [url=http://loveepicentre.com/faq.php]tim sylvia dating show[/url] mate one dating
dating canada muslims marriages [url=http://loveepicentre.com/testimonials.php]abandonment and dating[/url] flirty dating in uk

Anonymous said...

ohio dating free [url=http://loveepicentre.com/taketour.php]adult online dating site[/url] chinese dating seattle
who robert kardashian is dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/articles.php]free adult sex dating site[/url] new fresh dating site
polynesian archeology carbon dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/advice.php]who is venus william father dating[/url] dating flirt site

Anonymous said...

farmers dating michigan [url=http://loveepicentre.com/testimonials.php]dating toronto canada[/url] identify male online dating scammers
dating after long relationship [url=http://loveepicentre.com/faq.php]antique pillar dating[/url] free asian gay dating websites
dating dating [url=http://loveepicentre.com/]dating hanoi[/url] dating service russian ladies

Anonymous said...

st cloud fl dating http://loveepicentre.com/ dating in high school

Anonymous said...

free ebook download for eclipse http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/es/Bases-de-datos/c1148/?page=1 the revolution manifesto ebook [url=http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/de/Reason-Grace-and-Sentiment-Volume-2-Shaftesbury-to-Hume-A-Study-of-the-Language-of-Religion-and-Ethics-in-England-1660-1780/p221505/]ebook for explosives[/url] ebook subscription service

Anonymous said...

designer evolution ebook http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/The-International-Theory-of-Leonard-Woolf-A-Study-in-Twentieth-Century-Idealism/p163770/ free ebook downlaod theories of personality [url=http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/fr/Sas-Publishing/m113564/]computer ebook index[/url] asaro catherine ebook torrent

Anonymous said...

algorithms udi manber free ebook download http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/es/Richard-J-Dudley/m106652/ the crowd ebook pdf free [url=http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/fr/One-Moonlit-Night/p228307/]bryson ebook torrent[/url] ebook chapters

Anonymous said...

thomas d40 ebook http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/fr/Congenital-Bilateral-Absence-of-the-Vas-Deferens-A-Bibliography-and-Dictionary-for-Physicians-Patients-and-Genome-Researchers/p157101/ switching to voip ebook download [url=http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/Sams-Teach-Yourself-Ajax-JavaScript-and-PHP-All-in-One/p138287/]when anger scares you ebook[/url] ebook bela liptak

Anonymous said...

ebook reviews http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/it/Sun-Professional-Certificazioni/c2433/ ebook master techniques in hip [url=http://audiobookscollection.co.uk/Programming-Distributed-Applications-with-COM-and-Microsoft-Visual-Basic/p153637/]gray matter ebook[/url] escape the outside world ebook

Anonymous said...

free ebook bible revised standard http://audiobooksplanet.co.uk/es/Cor-Claeys/m22707/ penis enlargement free ebook [url=http://audiobooksplanet.co.uk/Nonfiction/c1047/?page=42]ebook nederlands[/url] ebook of business and corporate laws

Anonymous said...

ebook reader 1150 http://audiobooksworld.co.uk/Peter-Eli-Gordon/m99301/ accelerando ebook itunes buy [url=http://audiobooksworld.co.uk/Chinese-Pod-Intermediate/p13676/]buy business ebook[/url] derrick jensen ebook

Anonymous said...

teacher's workbench software http://buyoem.co.uk/de/product-33471/Photomatix-Tone-Mapping-2-0-for-Photoshop-x64 gmail password reset software [url=http://buyoem.co.uk/fr/product-35456/Nuance-PDF-Create-7-1-x32]windows computer software[/url] members sign in software
[url=http://buyoem.co.uk/category-100-108/Office-Tools?page=3]Office Tools - Software Store[/url] win vista built in zip software

Anonymous said...

bluetooth phone connect software for dongles http://buyoem.co.uk/it/product-33766/Autodesk-AutoCAD-2012-x32 dvd copier software reviews [url=http://buyoem.co.uk/es/product-37392/Easy-MPEG-AVI-DIVX-WMV-RM-to-DVD-2-0]blackberry software format[/url] win 2000 wireless management software
[url=http://buyoem.co.uk/product-31547/LittleSnapper-1-5-MAC]LittleSnapper 1.5 MAC - Cheap Legal OEM Software, Software Sale, Download OEM[/url] site map simple software

Anonymous said...

simple easy billing software http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/product-34408/OdinShare-Odin-U-Disk-Encrypt-Creator-5-3 accounting ofr software capitalization [url=http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/it/product-37345/Ultra-Video-Converter-4-4]dvd to psp software free[/url] sus sysco unified system software
[url=http://buyoemsoftware.co.uk/product-37362/Video-Capture-Factory-7-2-Portable]Video Capture Factory 7.2 Portable - Software Store[/url] adobe fireworks 8 software

Anonymous said...

Betracht kommenden Umstande geleitet werden. viagra online ohne rezept, nur zuweilen noch die starken Darmbewegungen. basta porre alcune goccie di formalina del, cialis 10 mg, accompagnata da alcune speciali sostanze. cytotec for inducing labor side effects of cytotec, premarin generic equivalent premarin cream uses,